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St Mary’s Hospital: Isabel Healthcare & Alexander Fleming

For the last two weeks, the world’s eyes have been on St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington for news on the arrival of the Royal baby. We know now Prince George is a healthy 8lbs 6oz with a decent schlock of hair. Good news all round, and the media trucks, crowds and young family themselves have left, as quickly as they came, but St Mary’s Paddington itself is an interesting place, notwithstanding its history in delivering new members of the  Royal family.

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For the last two weeks, the world’s eyes have been on St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington for news on the arrival of the Royal baby. We now know Prince George is a healthy 8lbs 6oz with a decent schlock of hair. Good news all round and the media trucks, crowds and young family themselves have left, almost as quickly as they arrived, but St Mary’s Hospital itself is an interesting place, notwithstanding its history in delivering new members of the  Royal family.

The Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum is one of of London’s most charming examples of hidden history. The small museum with its enthusiastic volunteers houses Flemings original laboratory, restored to its 1928 condition. Fleming discovered the antibiotic penicillin at St Mary’s, a discovery that revolutionised medicine, earned him a Nobel Prize and by some estimates has since saved the lives of 200 million people.I n 1999, the Museum was honoured being declared an International Historic Chemical Landmark by both the American Chemical Society and the Royal Society of Chemistry, as well as receiving a San Marino Idea Award for penicillin; it’s hard to argue that Fleming gave the world one of the five greatest advances of the 20th century.  If you’re passing through Paddington before lunch some day, give yourself half an hour to spare, and step back in to the history of science and medicine.

Isabel Healthcare grew up at St Mary’s Hospital having being co-founded by Jason and Charlotte Maude in 1999 after their young daughter Isabel was misdiagnosed by her local hospital, very nearly losing her life. Isabel was transferred to the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) at St Mary’s Hospital, and spent two months there recovering from multiple organ failure and cardiac arrest and eventually having a skin-graft to her stomach. Her local hospital’s misdiagnosis had assumed the three year old’s symptoms were typical of chicken pox, which she was suffering from, but they hadn’t asked themselves ‘what else could this be?’ She was eventually found to be be suffering from a well-described complication of chicken pox: Toxic Shock Syndrome and Necrotising Fasciitis, a potentially fatal soft-tissue infection. Subsequently Dr Joseph Britto, consultant paediatrician at the PICU worked extensively on the production of a digital decision tool aimed at assisting doctors and consultants in their decisions about the clinical management of sick children. Charitable status followed, commitment of £120,000 of funding from the Department of Health and Jason Maude seems to have never taken his foot off the pedal, as there’s now a Diagnosis Checklist Tool for Adult patients as well as the original Paediatric version, used by medical staff the world over as a ‘checker’ or second opinion. There’s now also a ‘consumer’ version, a Symptom Checker that’s available in the Android Play Store or for iOS on the App Store, providing patients with access to symptom checking of around 6,000 illnesses – a very clever tool that could get you talking to your doctor sooner, and in medicine that’s always better.

I’ve written and talked quite a bit recently about telemedicine, I’m hoping to make it to the People’s Stage at the Dublin Web Summit on this very topic. The work of organisations like MedicMobile, the inspirational Jack Andraka,  Dr. Aydogan Ozcan and the Cello Phone Microscope and the potential of initiatives like The Tricorder Prize when combined with our (hopefully leaning to) less collaborative consumption as a digital society, and more collaborative ingenuity could work wonders. I think we’re getting closer as a digital society; closer to relieving pressure on strained health-systems globally by using more self-and community diagnosis tools. By getting the simplest of mobile devices to Africa and developing economies that can diagnose serious illnesses for a few cents. By using mobile phones, simple forms and easily collected data from expectant mothers in disconnected communities patient outcomes can be transformed in a remarkable way.

When you walk around St Mary’s Hospital you can’t help but be struck by the feeling that this is a place of history, a place of innovation. It’s a feeling almost at odds with it’s Royal connection, for this is the sort of place where the very best of revolutions start.

External links & references

  1. Isabel Healthcare – Customer Stories
  2. Alexander Fleming Museum : Imperial College NHS Trust
  3. MedicMobile : Technology at the front-line : RedCert.com
  4. The Tricorder Prize: Healthcare in your hand
  5. A history of St Marys, Wikipedia
  6. Triptease.com : St Mary’s Fleming Museum
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Robotics

We Prefer Robots, That Wag Their Tails

Humans like looking at each other’s faces. If we want to figure out if someone’s happy or sad we get our clues from the face. Robot researchers tell us that robots, are different.

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Humans like looking at each other’s faces. If we want to figure out if someone’s happy or sad we get our clues from the face. Robot researchers tell us that robots, are different.

Canadian student Ashish Singh and professor James E. Young have looked at whether humans can accurately figure out the “feelings” of a robot vacuum cleaner. They took a standard iRobot Roomba, the best known brand of home vacuum robot and gave it a fluffy tail that wags – just like a dog.

We’re pretty sure that iRobot vacuums don’t have feelings but Singh’s research shows that once we see the robots wagging their tails, in a happy family-pet way we understand that they’re working as planned.

The Manitoba University student says that a dog-like tail “seemed to be a nice, clear choice—even people without dogs or cats may be able to read some tail motions, so we decided to formally investigate that.”

Professor Young compared the idea of looking at a screen to find out how the robot’s operating versus seeing a familiar visual signal, like the tail wagging, “With a dog tail that projects a robot’s state, you could be preparing dinner and just see the robot going by from the corner of your eye,” he said. “That would let you quickly know how the robot is doing, whereas a screen would probably require training to understand and sound would be intrusive.”

2013-DogTail-LidRemoved

It turns out, according to the team’s research, that whether we own pets or not, we can all identify whether a robot is happy or not, just by how it wags its tail. Professor Young’s team went on to look at how we would feel about the next generation of robots, humanoids if they had tails. It turns out that we may not want our robots to be that human, after all.

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Technology

Revolution Vinyl USB Turntable

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Retro, or vintage is everywhere. From clothes to food, we can’t get enough of the past. And even technology has seen a retro revival. Original Apple I computers sell for a fortune at auction and retro style games are finding audiences with the children of parents who played the original versions. The turntable is one piece of tech that seen a huge resurgence in interest, and audiophiles whooped with delight earlier this year, as Technics re-released the iconic SL-1200 turntable.

If you don’t have the budget for a fancy high-end turntable though, Elyxr Audio are trying to make the vinyl record resurgence fun, but accessible. Their Revolution Turntable attempts to fuse two worlds by combining an entry level vinyl turntable with USB recording, at an affordable price.

I unpacked the box to discover a small, 1950s style suitcase. Opening the suitcase reveals the Revolution Turntable in all its retro-glory. Packaged in the box was as power lead and an RCA to 3.5mm jack cable which lets you connect the turntable to a hi-fi system or media Player.

Once powered up, the turntable has a few modes to choose from. I unearthed a couple of old vinyl records from the attic and put one on the turntable. The standard speeds remember are 45 and 33rpm for albums and singles, but the turntable will also play 78s, should you have inherited some along the way. Switching speeds is easy as the player has a dedicated speed button, as well as controls for switching modes, a nice old fashioned circular volume control dial and an auto-stop switch. There are four easy to see LED bulbs on the top of the device that let you see easily what mode you’re operating in.

Once I’d set the mode to Turntable mode, there was a short re-assuring crackle from my old Police album and, then Sting and Co burst in to action. The turntable has a useful auto-stop function which stops the player from wearing out in case you get distracted as you’re listening, but you need to return the arm to the rest position once the record’s finished playing.

If you have music that you’re already recorded on a USB memory stick you can insert the key, switch to USB mode and use the player to play back your MP3 music through the turntable’s speakers, with the previous and next buttons on the player navigating through the music on the memory stick.

The record mode utilizes both the vinyl and USB elements of the player. Pressing record mode will start recording on a USB stick that’s been inserted. Once inserted and recording, set the record playing and the music from your vinyl will be recorded, directly as a single track on to the attached USB device. There is also an option to record an album as individual, or split-tracks, tracks, which is more useful when you’re playing back later, on a different device.

The Revolution turntable has two other useful modes. The first is a simple line-in mode, allowing you to connect a 3.5mm audio cable to an audio or MP3 player and that music will be played through the turntable’s speakers. The feature I used the most though, was the line-out functionality. Packaged with this gadget is an RCA cable, which connects to the back of the device and the other end goes to a small headphone jack, which I was able to plug in to my digital home-audio system. Using this set-up, I was able to play vinyl records and enjoy the enhanced audio from my digital set-up, for a deeper sounds, but with the traditional characteristics of vinyl.

This is a well made device with exceptional styling. The sound it produces is not audiophile quality but it’s decent given the entry level price. Overall, it’s a clever way of combining new and old tech, and with the living room lights dimmed it’s the perfect way to relive some old musical memories.
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Technology

3 Gadget Breakthroughs Coming To A Surgery Near You

Tara Purcell

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There’s a lot of doom and gloom associated with the future and of technology’s ability to marshall the human spirit and lead us to a better time to come. But, just when you think it’s all apocalyptic robot cults and people being run over by driverless cars as they walk around with VR headsets on, you get a few reminders of how much tech can be used to help mankind. To redress this balance, we’ve found a few mechanical medical marvels that have come to light in the last while.

Stem Cell Cartilage Is Being Grown In Awesome Goo Labs

Using a 3D scaffold, scientists have begun growing cartilage from stem cells for use in human patients, and have done so with a fairly enchanting beige blob of goo that could one day work as a prosthetic replacement for socket joints, such as the human hip. Moreover, they’ve programmed the artificial joint to “release molecules on demand to keep the arthritis at bay” which is so epic we can barely believe it.

CRISPR Gene Editing To Begin Human Trials

Crispr is a form of gene editing technique that is a so sophisticated, people are already saying it may spell the end of certain cancers and genetic disorders within the next generation of scientific application. Memorably covered in a particularly fascinating edition of Radiolab, CRISPR is now due to start human trials, which is good news for us, bad news for pesky diseases.

Scientists Can Cure Blindness (Partially, and in Mice)

Taking a leaf out of the Fairy Tale School of Science & Biology, scientists took an as yet undefined number of blind mice and managed to restore some part of their eyesight by fixing damaged ganglions and activating the affected regions with chemicals so as to restore their rodent peepers to their full glory. No word as of yet on whether they plan to put eggs back together or heal wounds suffered by cows during unprompted jumps over nearby celestial objects.

 

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